United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Ratification of Sea-bed Treaty

State United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Treaty Sea-bed Treaty
Action Type Ratification
Depositary Government of the United Kingdom
Date 18 May 1972
Note

Notes:

Also in respect of the Associated States (Antigua,Dominica, Grenada, St.Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla, St.Lucia and St.Vincent) and Territories under the territorial Sovereignty of the United Kingdom as well as the State of Brunei and the British Solomon Islands Protectorate.

Ceased to apply to Hong Kong wef 1 July 1997. Applies to Hong Kong (SAR) wef 1 July 1997.

Declaration:

"The Government of the United Kingdom wish in this connexion to recall their view that if a regime is not recognised as the Government of a State, neither signature nor the deposit of any instrument by it, nor notification of any of those acts, will bring about the recognition of that regime by any other State."

Objection:

Communication to the Yugoslav Ambassador dated 23 April 1975:

"The views of Her Majesty's Government on the statement made by the Yugoslav Government quoted in Your Excellency's Note are as follows:  In so far as the Statement may be intended to take effect as an interpretive declaration, Her Majesty's Government regret that they are unable to accept it as a valid interpretation, or as having any effect on the Law of the Sea.

In so far as it may be intended to take effect as a reservation, Her Majesty's Government must place on record their formal objection to the Statement on the grounds that it is incompatible with the object and purpose of the Treaty.  Her Majesty's Government would further draw attention to the fact that it was submitted out of time."

In a Note to the Soviet Union dated 9 August 1976, Her Majesty's Government, following consultations with the Governments of France and the United States of America, stated the following on behalf of all three Governments:

In a communication to the Government of the USSR which is an integral part (Annex IV A) of the Quadripartite Agreement of 3 September 1971, the Three Powers confirmed that, provided matters of security and status are not affected and provided the extension is specified in each case, international agreements and arrangements entered into by the Federal Republic of Germany may be extended to the Western Sectors of Berlin in accordance with established procedures.  For its part, the Government of the USSR, in a communication to the Governments of the Three Powers, which is similarly an integral part (Annex IVB) of the Quadripartite Agreement of 3 September 1971, affirmed that it would raise no objection to such extension.

The established procedures referred to above, which were endorsed in the Quadripartite Agreement, are designed, inter alia, to afford the authorities of the Three Powers the opportunity to ensure that the treaties concluded by the Federal Republic of Germany which are to be extended to the Western Sectors of Berlin are extended in such a way that matters of security and status are not affected.  When authorising the extension of the Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof to the Western Sectors of Berlin, the authorities of the Three Powers, acting in the exercise of their supreme authority, took the necessary steps to ensure in accordance with the established procedures that this treaty was applied in the Western Sectors of Berlin subject to Allied rights and responsibilities in the field of disarmament and demilitarization.  The application of the Treaty to the Western Sectors of Berlin can, therefore, in no way affect matters of security and status.  The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, for its part, in its declaration on Berlin, also stated that the rights and responsibilities of the Allies in the fields of disarmament and demilitarization were not affected. Consequently it is the opinion of the three Governments that the extension of this Treaty to the Western Sectors of Berlin is entirely consistent with the Quadripartite Agreement".

In a Note of 31 December 1976 to the Hungarian Government, Her Majesty's Government, following consultations with the Governments of France and the United States of America, stated the following on behalf of all three Governments:

"The Note from the Embassy of the Hungarian People's Republic refers to the Quadripartite Agreement of 3 September 1971.  This Agreement was concluded in Berlin between the Governments of the French Republic, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America.  Governments not parties to the Quadripartite Agreement are not competent to make authoritative comment on its provisions.

The position of the Governments of the United States, France and the United Kingdom concerning the extension of the Seabed Treaty to the Western Sectors of Berlin was set forth in the Note of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to the Embassy of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of 9 August 1976.  This position remains unchanged."

 

Other Actions Signature on deposit with London — 11 February 1971
Signature on deposit with Moscow — 11 February 1971
Ratification on deposit with Moscow — 18 May 1972
Signature on deposit with Washington — 11 February 1971
Ratification on deposit with Washington — 18 May 1972