Slovenia: Succession to Sea-bed Treaty

State Slovenia
Treaty Sea-bed Treaty
Action Type Succession
Depositary Government of the United States of America
Date 20 August 1992
Note

Date of receipt of notification of succession to the Treaty by Slovenia.  The former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia signed the Treaty on March 2, 1971 and deposited an instrument of ratification on October 25, 1973.

The Ambassador of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to Washington addressed a note, dated February 25, 1974, to the Secretary of State, which reads as follows:

“The Ambassador of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia presents his compliments to the Honorable the Secretary of State and with reference to the deposition of the instruments of ratification of the Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Seabed and the Ocean Floor and [in] the Subsoil Thereof by the Government of Yugoslavia of October 25, 1973, has the honor to transmit the following statement of the Government of Yugoslavia, accompanying the deposition:

‘In depositing this instrument of ratification, the Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia wishes to declare the following:

‘In [the] view of the Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Article 3, Paragraph I, should be interpreted to the effect that a state exercising the right under this article shall be obliged to notify in advance the coastal state, in so far as its observations are to be carried out within the stretch of the sea extending above the continental shelf of the said state.’

“The above statement of the Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was accepted by the Federal Assembly at the time of the ratification of the above Treaty.  It would be greatly appreciated, if in accordance with the pertinent provisions of the above Treaty, this statement is forwarded to the Governments of the States signatory and acceding at Washington to the Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Seabed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof.

“The Ambassador of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia avails himself of this opportunity to renew to the Honorable the Secretary of State the assurances of his highest consideration.”

The views of the Government of the United States of America with regard to the Yugoslav statement are contained in the Secretary of State’s circular note, dated January 16, 1975, which reads as follows:

“The Secretary of State presents his compliments to Their Excellencies and Messieurs the Chiefs of Mission of the Governments of the States signatory and acceding at Washington to the Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Seabed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof, which was done at Washington, London, and Moscow on February 11, 1971, and has the honor to refer to his circular note of January 15, 1975, enclosing a copy of a note of the Ambassador of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia dated February 25, 1974, transmitting a statement of the Government of Yugoslavia with respect to its interpretation of Article III, paragraph 1, of the Treaty.

“The Secretary of State would like to present the views of the United States concerning the note of the Ambassador of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

“Insofar as the note is intended to be interpretative of the Convention, the United States cannot accept it as a valid interpretation.  In addition, the United States does not consider that it can have any effect on the existing law of the sea.

“Insofar as the note is intended to be a reservation to the Convention, the United States places on record its formal objection to it on the grounds that it is incompatible with the object and purpose of the Convention.  The United States also draws attention to the fact that the note was submitted too late to be legally effective as a reservation.

“The Secretary of State would be grateful if each Chief of Mission would forward this information to his Government.”

Other Actions Succession on deposit with London — 7 April 1992