India: Accession to Sea-bed Treaty

State India
Treaty Sea-bed Treaty
Action Type Accession
Depositary Government of the United Kingdom
Date 20 July 1973
Note

Statement:

"On the occasion of its accession to the Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Seabed and Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil thereof, the Government of India would like to make the following statement of its position."

2.  In accordance with its basic position - which is shared by a vast majority of States - that the exploration and exploitation of the seabed should be reserved for peaceful purposes and that serious efforts should be made to prevent an arms race on the seabed, the Government of India has supported the Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Seabed and Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof.  The disclaimer clause contained in Article IV of the Seabed Treaty ensures that the position of any State Party on questions related to the Law of the Sea is not affected in any way.  It is important that nothing should be done through a seabed treaty in the field of disarmament which would prejudice or prejudge questions in regard to the Law of the Sea, nor should such a treaty affect adversely in any way the rights of coastal States on their continental shelves.  As a coastal State, India has, and always has had, full and exclusive sovereign rights over the continental shelf adjoining its territory and beyond its territorial waters and the subsoil thereof.  It is the considered view of India that other countries cannot use its continental shelf for military purposes.  There cannot, therefore, be any restriction on, or limitation of, the sovereign right of India as a coastal State to verify, inspect, remove or destroy any weapon, device, structure, installation or facility which might be emplanted or emplaced on or beneath its continental shelf by any other country, or to take such other steps as may be considered necessary to safeguard its security.

3.  The accession by the Government of India to the Seabed Treaty is based on this position.

Other Actions Accession on deposit with Moscow — 20 July 1973
Accession on deposit with Washington — 20 July 1973