With the following statement:
"The South Pacific countries have concluded the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty after years of hard work. This is an
important step taken by them to maintain peace and security in the region, which reflects the common aspirations and just demand of the people of the South Pacific countries in opposing [the] nuclear arms race and nuclear war. The Government of the People's Republic of China has decided to sign Protocols No. 2 and No. 3 attached to the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty in Suva on 10 February 1987 in support of the contracting parties to the Treaty and in response to their request.
"The Chinese Government has all along respected and supported the position of non-nuclear States in their demand for establishing
nuclear free zones by agreement reached through consultation on a voluntary basis and in light of the actual conditions of their respective regions. It holds that nuclear weapon States should respect the status of nuclear free zones and undertake obligations accordingly. The Chinese Government has all along stood for complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons. The Chinese Government has repeatedly stated that at no time and under no circumstances will China be the first to use nuclear weapons and that China will not use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against any non-nuclear States or nuclear free zones.
"The Government of the People's Republic of China now solemnly declares that China respects the status of the South Pacific Nuclear
Free Zone and that China will neither use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone nor test nuclear weapons in this region.
At the same time, the Chinese Government deems it necessary to point out:
"1. The Chinese Government's signing of the above-mentioned two Protocols does not imply that China has changed its well-known
principled position on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
"2. China will fulfill its obligations assumed under Protocols No. 2 and No. 3 attached to the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty.
However, the Chinese Government reserves its right to reconsider these obligations if other nuclear weapon States or the contracting parties to the Treaty take any action in gross violation of the Treaty and its attached Protocols, thus changing the status of the nuclear free zone and endangering the security interests of China.
"The Chinese Government believes that to make the South Pacific a real nuclear free zone, those States in possession of large nuclear
arsenals have a special responsibility.
"The Chinese Government is ready to join the South Pacific countries and all the other peace-loving countries to work unremittingly for safeguarding peace and security in the South Pacific region and the world as a whole and for reaching the ultimate goal of complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons."