United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Ratification of Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)

State United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Treaty Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)
Action Type Ratification
Depositary Government of the United States of America
Date 27 November 1968
Note
The instrument of ratification by the United Kingdom states that the Treaty is ratified in respect of “the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Associated States (Antigua, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla and Saint Lucia) and Territories under the territorial sovereignty of the United Kingdom, as well as the State of Brunei, the Kingdom of Tonga and the British Solomon Islands Protectorate”.
 
The British Chargé d’Affaires ad interim made the following declaration in a note to the Secretary of State dated November 27, 1968:
 
“Acting on instructions from Her Majesty’s Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs I hereby declare that the provisions of the Treaty shall not apply in regard to Southern Rhodesia unless and until the Government of the United Kingdom informs the other depository Governments that it is in a position to ensure that the obligations imposed by the Treaty in respect of that territory can be fully implemented.”
 
The Embassy of the Federal Republic of Cameroon informed the Department of State by a note dated April 24, 1969, that “The Government of the Federal Republic of Cameroon is unable to accept the reservation made by the Government of the United Kingdom . . . regarding its dependent territory of Southern Rhodesia.  It is . . . the position of the Government of the Federal Republic of Cameroon that the Government of the United Kingdom, being the lawful Government of Rhodesia, remains responsible for the implementation of the obligations imposed by this Treaty as well as other International Treaties and conventions until that territory is granted independence in accordance with the United Nations Resolution 2379 (XXIII).”
 
By note dated June 11, 1997, the Ambassador of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland informed the Secretary of State as follows:
“I am instructed by Her Britannic Majesty’s Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs to refer to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons done at London/Moscow/Washington on 1 July 1968 (hereinafter referred to as the “Treaty”) which applies to Hong Kong at present.
“I am also instructed to state that, in accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong signed on 19 December 1984, the Government of the United Kingdom will restore Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China with effect from 1 July 1997.  The Government of the United Kingdom will continue to have international responsibility for Hong Kong until that date.  Therefore, from that date the Government of the United Kingdom will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from application of the Treaty to Hong Kong.
“I should be grateful if the contents of this Note could be placed formally on record and brought to the attention of the other Parties to the Treaty.
“I avail myself of this opportunity to renew to Your Excellency the assurances of my highest consideration.”
 
 
 
Other Actions Signature on deposit with London — 1 July 1968
Ratification on deposit with London — 27 November 1968
Signature on deposit with Moscow — 1 July 1968
Ratification on deposit with Moscow — 29 November 1968
Signature on deposit with Washington — 1 July 1968